The Office of Inspector General in the Department of Health and Human Services is responsible for enforcing most fraud and abuse civil penalties and programs exclusions. The OIG’s office is divided into three sections: (1) the Office of Audit, (2) the Office of Evaluations and Inspections, and (3) the Office of Investigations. Gillian I. Russell, Terminology, in FUNDAMENTALS OF HEALTH LAW 1, 29 (American Health Lawyers Association 5th ed., 2011).
HHS OIG is the largest inspector general’s office in the Federal Government, with more than 1,700 employees dedicated to combating fraud, waste and abuse and to improving the efficiency of HHS programs. A majority of OIG’s resources goes toward the oversight of Medicare and Medicaid. OIG’s oversight extends to programs under other HHS institutions, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health, and the Food and Drug Administration. Department of Health & Human Services, Office of Inspector General, About Us, http://oig.hhs.gov/about-oig/about-us/index.asp (accessed Apr. 21, 2012).
The Office of Personnel Management’s OIG oversees the Federal Employees Health Benefit program. The Defense Contracting Investigative Service located in the Department of Defense oversees the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services program. Finally the Railroad Retirement Board’s OIG oversee the Medicare program for railroad retirees. Gillian I. Russell, Terminology, in FUNDAMENTALS OF HEALTH LAW 1, 29 (American Health Lawyers Association 5th ed., 2011).