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Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) Litigation Resource Center

 
 
I.  Supreme Court


     A.   
Cases Under Review (i.e., cert. granted)

          1.  Decisions below (identical for all three appeals granted):

               a.  Florida v. HHS, 716 F.Supp.2d 1120 (N.D.Fla. 2010) (on motion to dismiss).

               b.  Florida v. HHS, 780 F.Supp.2d 1256 (N.D. Fla. 2011) (on motions for summary judgment).

               c.  Florida v. HHS, 648 F.3d 1235 (11th Cir. 2011).

          2.  Petitions for cert. (Private and State Petitioners) (11-400, 11-393)

               a. Florida v. Dep�t of Health and Human Services (11-400).

               b.  National Federation of Ind. Business v. Sebelius (11-393).

               c.  U.S.� brief in response (11-400, 11-393).

               d.  Reply of State Petitioners (11-400).

         3.  Petitions for cert. (US) (11-398)

               a.  Dep�t of Health and Human Services v. Florida (11-398).

               b.  Brief in response for State Respondents.

               c. Brief in response for Private Respondents.

               d.  Reply Brief of United States.

         4.  U.S. Supreme Court (SCOTUS) Grant Order: grants cert. in 11-393, 11-398, and 11-400.

         5. 
Docket sheets for 11-393, 11-398, 11-400
             (provides list of all filings and actions court has taken with respect to each case and provides a link to questions presented).

         6.    
Briefs (organized by issue):

             a.   Severability (11-393 and 11-400)

                 (i)  SCOTUS amici appointment order (11/18/11)

                 (ii) Merit stage briefs

                     (a)  Brief for Private Petitioners on severability (filed 1/6/12).

                     (b)  Brief for State Petitioners on severability (filed 1/6/12).

     (c) Brief for United States on severability (filed 1/6/12).

     (d) Brief of H. Bartow Farrcourt-appointed amicus curiae (filed 2/17/12).

                 (iii)  Amicus briefs

                     (a)  Brief of AHIP and BCBSA (filed 1/6/12).

                     (b)  Brief of AHA (filed 1/6/12).

                     (c)  Brief of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce (filed 1/12).

                     (d)  Brief of American Center for Law and Justice and 117 members of Congress (filed 1/6/12).

                     (e)  Brief of members of US Senate (filed 1/6/12).

     (f) Brief of American Academy of Actuaries on severability (filed 1/12).

     (g) Brief of California, et. al on severability (filed 1/12).

     (h) Brief of AARP, et. al on severability (filed 1/12).

     (i) Brief of American Benefits Council on severability (filed 1/27/12).

              b.  Minimum Coverage Provision (11-398)

                  (i)  Merit stage briefs

                      (a)  Brief of US (filed 1/6/12).

      (b) Brief of State Respondents (filed 2/6/12).

      (c) Brief of Private Respondents (filed 2/6/12)

                  (ii)  Amicus briefs

                      (a)  Brief of AARP in support of minimum coverage provision (filed 12/22/11).

                      (b)  Brief of Harry Reid, Nancy Pelosi, and Congressional leaders in support of minimum coverage provision (filed 1/13/12).

                      (c) 
Brief of AHA in support of minimum coverage provision (filed 1/13/12).

                      (d)  Brief of BCBSMA in support of minimum coverage provision (filed 1/13/12).

                      (e) Brief of American Nurses Ass�n, et. al in support of minimum coverage provision (filed 1/12).

                      (f) Brief of States of Maryland, et. al in support of minimum coverage provision (filed 1/12).

                      (g) Brief of Massachusetts, et. al in support of minimum coverage provision (filed 1/12).

                      (h)  Brief of Governor of Washington in support of minimum coverage provision (filed 1/12).

      (i) Brief of Cato Institute, et. al against the minimum coverage provision (filed 2/13/12).

      (j) Brief of America College of Pediatricians, et. al against the minimum coverage provision (filed 2/12).

      (k) Brief of John Boehner against the minimum coverage provision (filed 2/13/12).

      (l) Brief of members of U.S. Senate against the minimum coverage provision (filed 2/13/12).

      (m) Brief of the Attorney General of Virginia against the minimum coverage provision (filed 2/13/12).

              c.  Anti-Injunction Act (11-398)

                 (i)  SCOTUS amici appointment order (11/18/11)                

 (ii)  Merit stage briefs

                     (a)  Brief of Robert Long--court-appointed amicus curiae (filed 1/6/12).

     (b) Brief of United States (filed 2/12).

     (c) Brief of State Respondents (filed 2/6/12).

     (d) Brief of Private Respondents (filed 2/6/12).

     (e) Reply Brief of United States (filed 2/27/12).

     (f) Reply Brief of State Respondents (filed 2/27/12).

     (g) Reply Brief of Private Respondents (filed 2/27/12).

                 (iii)  Amicus briefs

     (a) Brief of Cato Institute against AIA preclusion (filed 2/12).

     (b) Brief of State Chambers of Commerce against AIA preclusion (filed 2/13/12).

             d.  Medicaid provisions (11-400)

                 (i)  Merit stage briefs

                    (a)  Brief of State Petitioners (filed 1/10/12).

    (b) Brief of United States (filed 2/12).

                (ii)  Amicus briefs

    (a) Brief of AHA in support of Medicaid expansion (filed 2/17/12).

    (b) Brief of Harry Reid and Nancy Pelosi in support of Medicaid expansion (filed 2/17/12).

    (c) Brief of Oregon, Vermont, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Mexico, and New York, and the Governor of Washington in support of Medicaid expansion (filed 2/17/12).

    (d) Brief of Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence, et. al against Medicaid expansion (filed 1/12).

    (e) Brief of Association of American Physicians and Surgeons against Medicaid expansion (filed 1/12).

7.  Charts of key dates:

             a.  Chronologically.

             b.  By issue and chronologically within each issue.


   B.  
Cases being held by SCOTUS (cert. not granted)

        1.  Thomas More Law Center v. Obama (No. 11-117)

            a.  Lower court decisions:

               (i)  Thomas More Law Center v. Obama, 720 F.Supp.2d 882 (E.D. Mich. 2010).

               (ii)  Thomas More Law Center v. Obama, 651 F.3d 529 (6th Cir. 2011).

            b.  Petition for cert.

               (i)  Petition for cert. by Thomas More Law Center, et al.

               (ii) Response of President Obama, et al.

               (iii) Reply of Thomas More Law Center, et al.

           c.  Docket sheet for 11-117
             (provides list of all filings and actions court has taken with respect to case).

       2.  Virginia v. Sebelius (No. 11-420)

           a.  Lower court decisions:

              (i)   Virginia v. Sebelius, 702 F.Supp.2d 598 (E.D. Va 2010) (motion to dismiss).

              (ii)  Virginia v. Sebelius, 728 F.Supp.2d 768 (E.D. Va. 2010) (on motions for summary judgment).

              (iii)  Virginia v. Sebelius, 656 F.3d 253 (4th Cir. 2011).

           b.  Petition for cert.

             (i)  Petition for cert by Virginia.

             (ii) Response of Kathleen Sebelius, et al.

           c.  Docket sheet for 11-420 
              (provides list of all filings and actions court has taken with respect to case).

     3.  Liberty University v. Geithner (No. 11-438)

         a.  Lower court decisions:

            (i)  Liberty University v. Geithner, 753 F.Supp.2d 611 (W.D.Va. 2010).

            (ii) Liberty University v. Geithner, 2011 WL 3962915 (4th Cir. 2011).

         b.  Petition for cert.

            (i)   Petition for cert. by Liberty University.

            (ii) Response of Tim Geithner, et al.

            (iii) Reply of Liberty University.

         c.  Docket sheet for 11-438 
            (provides list of all filings and actions court has taken with respect to case).


II.
 
Cases In Lower Courts Addressing Issues Other than the Individual Mandate

     A.  Physician Hospital of America v. Sebelius, Docket 11-40631 (5th Cir.) 
        (challenging the Patient Protectiton and Affordable Care Act (ACA) Section 6001 which limits physician ownership of hospitals)

         1.  Physician Hospital of America v. Sebelius, No. 6:10-cv-277 (E.D.Tex. Mar. 31, 2011)

         2.  Fifth Circuit Briefs            
             a. 
PHA brief (filed 8/3/11).

             b.  Sebelius, et al. brief (filed 10/19/11).

             c.  PHA reply brief (filed 11/23/11).

     B.  Coons v. Geithner, Docket 2:10-CV-1714 (D-AZ) 
         (challenging the constitutionality of the Independent Payment Advisory Board created by ACA 
         and the individual mandate)

         1.  District court complaint (filed 8/12/10).

         2.  Summary judgment briefs

             a.  Coons, et al. brief in support of summary judgment (filed 6/20/11).

             b.  Geithner, et al. brief in opposition to plaintiff and cross-motion for summary judgment (filed 8/10/11).

             c. Coons, et al. reply brief (filed 8/29/11).

             d.  Geithner, et al. reply brief (filed 9/12/11).

         3.  Stay order (issued 1/17/12).

     C.  Calvey v. Obama, Docket 5:10-CV-353 (W.D.Okla.) 
         (challenging alleged obligation to fund abortion in addition to individual mandate)

         1.  Second amended complaint (filed 3/25/11; case on hold pending SCOTUS decision (11/8/11)).

     D.  Ass�n of Am. Physicians & Surgeons v. Sebelius, 1:10-CV-499 (D.D.C.)
         (This includes a challenge to the employer mandate and a number of issues that appear unrelated
         to ACA: (1) Challenge to the requirement that physicians participate in Medicare Part A to receive
         social security benefits; (2) challenge to the ACA employer mandate; (3) challenge to the ability of the federal government to promulgate or enforce standards for health insurance; (4) challenge to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) interim final rule requiring providers to have an HHS-approved enrollment or opt-out record in PECOS in order to refer to Medicare Part B; (5) enjoin HHS from requiring non-Medicare provider to enroll with Medicare, to appear in PECOS, or to obtain a NPI; (6) seeks to require HHS to submit an accounting on the solvency of Medicare and Social Security to the court).

         1.  Second amended complaint (filed 9/13/10; case on hold pending SCOTUS decision, the D.C. circuit�s resolution of the Hall case, or SCOTUS granting AAPS leave to intervene in Florida case).

         2.  Briefs on motion to dismiss

             a. Sebelius, et al. motion to dismiss (filed 11/22/10).

             b. AAPS opposition to motion to dismiss (filed 1/10/11).

             c. Sebelius, et al. reply brief (filed 2/14/11).


III. 
External links

      A.  Link to ACA Litigation Blog (permission?).

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